Jeans For Short Men DefinitionSource(Google.com.pk)
Traditionally, jeans are dyed to a blue color using an indigo dye. Approximately 20 thousand tons of indigo are produced annually for this purpose, though only a few grams of the dye are required for each pair of these trousers. Some other colors that can be achieved are pink, yellow, black, and white.
Chemical structure of indigo dye, the blue of blue jeans.
For more information on dyeing, refer to denim and the discussion there of using pigment dyes.
Pre-shrinking of jeans
Young people wearing a variety of jean styles, including carpenter jeans, bootcut jeans, drainpipe jeans and lowrise jeans. (Rome, 2008)
Levi Strauss first marketed preshrunk jeans, which did not shrink further after purchase, allowing the consumer to buy his or her correct size, in 1963.
Used look created by sandblasting
After being crafted into an article of clothing, most denim is washed to make it softer and to reduce or eliminate shrinkage which could cause an item to not fit after the owner washes it. In addition to being washed, non-dry denim is sometimes artificially "distressed" to produce a worn look.
Much of the appeal of factory distressed denim is that it looks similar to dry denim that has, with time, faded. With dry denim, however, such fading is affected by the body of the person who wears the jeans and the activities of his/her daily life. This creates what many enthusiasts feel to be a more natural, unique look than distressed denim.
Shuttle looms weave a narrower 30 inch fabric, which is on average half the width of the more modern shuttleless sulzer looms (invented in 1927 by the Sulzer brothers) and thus a longer piece of fabric is required to make a pair of jeans (approximately 3 yards). To maximize yield, jean where traditionally made with a straight outseam that utalised the full width of the fabric including this edge. This became not only desirable but since the production of wider width denim, a mark of premium quality as when worn with a turn up the two selvages where visable rather than a unatractive overlocked edge.
Originally Indigo was produced using dye from plan indegofera tinctoria but most denim today is dyed with synthetic. indigo In both cases the yarn will undergo a repetitive sequence of dipping and oxidization, the more dipps, the stronger the indigo shade.Rope dye is considered the best yarn dying method as it eliminated shading across the fabric width, thou the alternative slasher process is cheaper as only one beaming process is needed (in rope dying, beaing is done twice). Fades caused by prolonged periods of wear, without washing, have become the main allure for raw denim. The fading patterns are a way of personalizing the garment for each customer. These fades are categorized by certain namesWhiskers – Faded streaks that surround the crotch area of the denim. Combs – Also known, as “honey combs” are the streaks of faded lines that are found behind the knee. Stacks – Produced by having the inseam of the denim hemmed a few inches longer than actual leg length. The extra fabric stacks on top of the shoe causing a fade to form around the ankle to calf area of the denim. Train Tracks – appears on the outseams of the denim. This fade showcases the selvedge by forming two sets of fades that resemble train tracks. Originally Indigo was produced using dye from plant tinctoria but most denim today is dyed with synthetic. In both cases the yarn will undergo a repetitive sequence of dipping and oxidization, the more dipps, the stronger the indigo shade.
Consumers wanting jeans that appear worn can buy jeans that have been specially treated. To give the fabrics the worn look, sandblasting is often used. Sandblasting has the risk of causing silicosis to the workers, and in Turkey, more than 5,000 workers in the textile industry have been stricken with this disease, and 46 people are known to have died. Some companies have announced they are banning the use of sandblasting
A typical pair of blue jeans consumes 919 gallons of water during its life cycle (this includes the water to irrigate the cotton crop, manufacture the jeans, and the numerous washes by the consumer). Because cotton is the world's biggest nonfood crop, and water shortages are a growing global trend, some jean companies are looking into ways to reduce the amount of water needed in their production of jeans—from field to factory.